How to Pay Off Your Debt Faster & Save Money | Paying Down Mortgages & Loans
Below are the most effective methods for paying off your debt fast and saving yourself thousands of dollars. These techniques save you the most money when used on mortgages (because mortgages involve big numbers and long periods of time), however, they can also be used to pay down other debts quickly—like car loans or even credit cards.
Pay Bi-weekly Rather Than Monthly
This is the easiest way to pay your mortgage down faster. Making bi-weekly mortgage payments rather than monthly payments will usually reduce the time it takes to pay off your mortgage by several years.
Here is how this trick works. Let’s say Mike and Cindy obtain a mortgage that has monthly payments of $1,000. Instead of paying $1,000 per month, Mike and Cindy could ask their bank to chop their mortgage payment in half and make the payments $500 every two weeks rather than $1,000 per month. This will be fine for the bank since they still get paid $1,000 every month, and as far as Mike and Cindy are concerned, paying $500 every two weeks is almost the same as paying $1,000 per month. However, even though this doesn’t feel any different to Mike and Cindy, it will shave 3.5 years off of their mortgage and save them over $21,000 over the life of their mortgage (assuming that their interest rate stays the same).
Here is how Mike and Cindy will save so much money. If they made monthly payments, their bank would debit their account for $1,000 twelve times a year (12 months x $1,000 monthly payments = $12,000 in annual mortgage payments). Now when they cut their monthly payment in half and get their bank to pull $500 out of their account every two weeks, they end up making what amounts to one extra monthly payment each year (26 bi-weekly payments x $500 every two weeks = $13,000 in annual mortgage payments). Most people would never guess that making one extra mortgage payment each year could save them so much money. When people find out how much money they can save and how many years they can shave off their mortgage, most end up using this clever little idea. If you want to be really aggressive, you can pay weekly, but it doesn’t give you the big savings that bi-weekly do over monthly payments.
Accelerated Mortgage Payments
|Assuming a mortgage of $172,000 at 5% interest over 25 years|
|Type of Mortgage Payment||Monthly Payment||Accelerated Bi-Weekly Payment||Accelerated Weekly Payment|
|How it works||This is the payment that your bank or credit union tells you that you must pay each month.||Cut your monthly payment in half and pay that amount every two weeks.||Divide your monthly payment into quarters and pay one quarter of your monthly payment ever week.|
|Years to pay off mortgage (Amortization)||25 years||21.4 years||21.4 years|
|Savings over the life of the mortgage||$0||$21,536||$21,774|
Round Up Your Payments
Round your payment up to the next large number. Paying extra each month will help you get your debt paid down faster.
|Rounding Up Your Payments|
|Type of Loan||Mortgage||Car Loan|
|Original Monthly Payment||$960||$373|
|Rounded Up Payment||$1,000||$400|
|Reduced life of loan||25 years down to 23.2 years|
|Savings over the life of the loan||$10,686|
Make Extra Payments
When you have some extra money, consider using it to pay down your loan or mortgage. It will pay you big dividends in the future. Extra money can be found when you get a bonus at work, get a tax refund, or receive some unexpected money. All extra money that you pay on a loan or mortgage goes straight to paying down your principal balance. As long as your payments are up to date, no part of your extra payment will ever go to interest. This is because your regular monthly payments pay the interest. Anything extra that you pay goes straight to reducing your loan or mortgage balance. This gets your loan paid off faster and saves you paying the bank more interest.
The biggest investment you can make in your financial future is to pay off debt. Once you've got a plan in place and your debt reduction strategy is working, it may be time to start looking for a financial advisor to help you invest and grow your savings.